It is difficult for humans to survive in the extreme cold of Antarctica, in the great deserts that have not rained for years, in the extreme pressures of the deep sea, and in the thousands of meters high peaks of the sky. There is a minimum level of background environment that man needs to live. But there are strange animal divisions that are accustomed to those harsh environments. We find out about 8 animals that live in such difficult conditions and some of their specialties.
In the insect world, the cockroach is a hardy creature that is hard to beat or kill. Even if the human habitation of a part of the earth is zero due to a nuclear war, the cockroaches will survive without any disturbance. Cockroaches are also well tolerated by radioactive environments that are uninhabitable.
2. The Camel
We generally think that the camel’s hull, known as the ship of the desert, has a large amount of water. But the camel does not really have water. The camel keeps that mole and fat deposits nearby. These fats help the camel to survive when food and water are scarce.
It is a nuisance to our human body to have to go outside on a day when the temperature is around 32 degrees. The camel can survive in the desert even in temperatures as high as 49 degrees Celsius. The camel’s abnormally oval blood cells help them to live without water. Due to the scarcity of water, an adult camel can drink up to 200 gallons [200 L] in three minutes. The camel is like a creature created in the desert environment and has many benefits for the people living near the desert.
There are three enduring types of a camel. The one-humped dromedary makes up 94% of the world’s camel populace, and the two-humped Bactrian camel makes up 6%. The Wild Bactrian camel is a different animal type and is presently fundamentally jeopardised.
Even in Singapore, it is not uncommon to see rats running around the road at night in any city. Mice can live in dirty garbage dumps, toilets, and even near the kitchens of luxury mansions. Mice can live without any trouble, even in areas where atomic bombs have destroyed human property. This is because even in such a radioactive environment, mice are less affected.
Mice inherit a number of tools necessary for a harsh life, such as swimming in dirty or clean water, crawling straight up walls, being able to crawl through even a small space in any corner, or being able to pierce even something covered with hardwood with their teeth.
he rat is endowed with an innate ability to survive, as well as the ability to deliberately avoid danger. No matter how many traps humans have set to catch rats, it is possible that the rat menace will come back sooner or later because of the remaining rats.
Although it has a long neck and looks like a camel, the llama, which is smaller than a camel, lives at altitudes of more than 5,000 feet [5,000 m]. These llamas inhabit the Tibetan border in the Himalayas as well as the highlands of South America. At such high altitudes, the amount of oxygen in the air is low. Lamas’ blood composition is designed to adapt to that low oxygen environment. A lama’s blood contains four times as many red blood cells as a human.
The elongated hooves and body shape allow the lama to climb mountains in search of food, even in rocky terrain. The lama also has a skin as thick as a coat to withstand the cold of the mountains. The camel helps the desert, and the Lamao is an important animal for humans in the Himalayas, Tibet, and some mountain ranges in South America.
5. Dung Beetle
The dung beetle rolls and rolls with difficulty, rolling over the dung or dung like two or three men rolling a large rock.
If it is a four-legged animal sanctuary, there is definitely a place for excrement. Dung beetles, which build balls on the excrement, have been found to sometimes carry load thousands of times larger than that of the beetle.
6. Arctic Polar Bear
The Arctic polar bear belongs to Mammalia class. The Arctic ice sheet is one of the largest animal habitats in the world. The Arctic polar bear is the largest bear in the world and can survive in temperatures as low as minus 50 degrees Celsius. The polar bear has two naturally strong winter clothing to withstand such severe snow conditions. One is the lining of the outer surface of the skin. The other is his hair, which grows a few inches thick. Bears, which need to store food as well as protect themselves from the cold, eat well when they receive food and fill it under their skin.
As a fasting ability, this Arctic polar bear is one of the best fasters in the animal kingdom. In winter, when it is difficult to find food, it can make a living without food even for a month. The endangered polar bear is also included in the Red Data Book.
(The Red Data Book is the state archive set up for reporting uncommon and imperilled types of creatures, plants and growths just as some nearby sub-species that exist inside the domain of the state or nation)
Penguins live in Antarctica, the southern hemisphere, where there are no polar bears. There are no penguins in the Arctic, the polar bear habitat. It is the most amazing structure in the world. That is to say, these two large animals, which are designed to withstand severe winters, are located only in the man-made zoo.
Due to the thick layers of fat under the skin, penguins protect themselves from the cold, and as a habit, they cling together and live longer to protect themselves from the cold. The penguin, which can survive up to 20 minutes in the freezing cold water, dives to a depth of about 600 feet [600 m] in search of food.
Tardigrades are said to be the most microscopic animal in the world that can withstand any harsh conditions. In the hot water, the melting snow, as well as in the intensely radioactive environment, Tardigrades lives his life without moving. Tadpoles live safely on thousands of meters of snow-capped peaks as well as on the deepest seabed hidden in the dark. There are thousands of species of tadpoles ranging in size from one-tenth of a millimetre to 1.2 millimetres.
The existence of food, water, and the atmosphere are essential to life, but the Tardigrades can spend a considerable amount of time safely in an airless space environment. Tardigrade’s overall body cell pattern is set to become inactive in the harsh environment and reactivate when successful. Due to this extraordinary ability to survive, tadpoles are used in research into the transmission of life beyond space into space.
There are many animals that are able to survive under extremely adverse conditions and they survive through their own biological factors as well as behavioural patterns. The knowledge that can be extracted from the design of these animals can also be used to deal with future disasters due to climate change on the planet.